Philip M. Raup; Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Alexander Gerschenkron, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, . Gerschenkron (), a differential behaviour in terms of accumulation, () emphasis on the fact that countries which had a late start would follow a. Gerschenkron, Alexander, , Economic Backwardness in Historical. Perspective.***. Lecture Three: Other Industrialized Countries than Britain. I. U.S.

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Please read our Copyright Information page for important copyright information. InGerschenkron and his family emigrated to the United States after the annexation of Austria to the German Reich. These 14 essays covering a wide range of subjects of great current interest reflect the continuous evolution of the author’s thought from to Those who survived that complex relationship almost always emerged with deep affection and fond memories, even if the process was far from linear and continuous.

His early life was eventful. Gerschenkron did not define economic backwardness but alluded to related factors: His theory of economic backwardness contrasts strongly with other uniform gerschnekron theories, in particular Rostow’s stages of growth. CambridgeMassachusettsUnited States.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays

In economic history he taught a year-long course required of all graduate economics students. Review of Economics and Statistics. Gerschenkron stated that a country such as Russia, backward relative to Britain when it embarked on industrialization, did not go through the same stages.

In that interval, beyond continuing his efforts with Gulick, he also assisted Howard Ellis and Jack Condliffe. It 1692 likewise anti-Rostovian. Rapid Soviet growth was not constructed on the basis of false statistics, but rather, inappropriate technique.

That was successful, but inadequate. It rejected the English Industrial Revolution as the normal pattern of industrial development and deprived the original accumulation of capital of its central force in determining subsequent expansion.


Brought together for the first time, these essays were originally published in specialized periodicals in the United States and abroad.

The finished Gulick book, Austria from Habsburg to Hitlera two-volume work, published in Berkeley: But those years were not a happy terminus to his long stay at Harvard. He showed that the high rate of growth of Soviet industrial production was an effect of index number bias: Success was indicated by proportionally more rapid growth in later developers, signaled by a decisive spurt in industrial expansion.

That accounted for its earlier attention, where the conditional nature of its predictions contrasted strongly with its Marxist and Rostovian alternatives. The model is, of course, not without its limitations and its critics. Market criteria have dominated, as even a casual look at real interest rates within developing countries suggests.

For methods employing a reference volume structure, a country’s share of total GDP will fall as the reference volume structure becomes less characteristic of its own volume structure. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation. Gerschenkron was born in Odessa into an elite family of the Russian intelligentsia.

There ideas for dissertations were discussed and quantitative techniques evaluated. He influenced a generation geeschenkron Harvard economists through his required graduate course in economic history.

As the contemporary world continues to confront the problem of inadequate development, particularly over the last twenty gedschenkron in Latin Aleexander and Africa, that special magic of nineteenth century backwardness stimulates greater appeal, and greater hope.

To achieve the readjustment of agriculture and to place it on a competitive basis he suggests the introduction of a government trade monopoly of the bulk of agricultural products in Germany.

Perhaps the greatest one, however, was his inability to publish the great work, the big book that would summarize his brilliant insights into the process of European industrial change, the book that could and would influence political scientists and economists for generations to come.


The course was just the introduction. Backwardness can too easily become an alternative, technologically rooted explanation that distracts attention from the state and the politics surrounding it, rather than focusing upon its opportunities and constraints. After the Gerschsnkron inhe emigrated to the United States.

The University experience was the first of these disappointments.

InGerschenkron published a book titled Bread and Democracy in Germany. What was an advantage in one historical setting can readily become a disadvantage in another.

They eventually settled in GerschhenkronAustria.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective

Fishlow, Albert Project But the important novelty, and a decisive point in his career, was the invitation from Charles Gulick, a Berkeley professor whom he had earlier helped in his research in Austria, to come to the United States.

InGerschenkron became an American citizen and inhe left the Federal Reserve Board to accept a position as a tenured professor at Harvard University. Should one seek to enhance the role of central direction and decision at the expense of decentralization and private determination? The Gerschenkron effect arises because of the negative correlation between prices and volumes.

OdessaRussian Empire. After graduation, Gerschenkron got married and had a child. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from ” https: He provided no topic, no suggestion of sources, no regular guidance, no timetable for conclusion. A fourth and last relevant observation relates to his general intellect. By gefschenkron this gerscnenkron, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.